Saadat Hasan manto (1912-1955) was born on 11th may 1912. He is known as one of the best 20th century Urdu writers. He was also known to write the bitter truths of society that no one dared to talk about. Saadat hasan manto was cooperate writer, and novelist born in Ludhiana full of life in British India. But after partition he mainly writes in Urdu language. He created 22 collections of short stories, a narrative, three collections of essays, two collections of private sketches and five successions of radio plays.
In Early years:
Saadat hasan manto was born on May 11th 1912 in Paproudi village of Samrata, in the Ludhiana area of Punjab. His family was a Muslim family of barristers and his father was a judge of a local court.
In 1933, at age 21 an immense spinning point appeared in his life, when he met Abdul Bari alig, an intellectual and polemic author who forced him to find his talents and understand writing Russian and French authors.
Early line of business in Bombay:
In 1934, saadat hasan manto started to put pen to paper for magazines, journalists and text scripts for Hindi film production when he first came to Bombay (now Mumbai). At some point in this time, he made a strong bond of friendship with Noor Jehan, Naushad, Ismat Chughtai, Shyam and Ashok Kumar. During this time, he lived in the center of Bombay’s red light area of kamathipura, in Foras road. By the reflective contact on his writings, manto had also received the job of script for Urdu service of All India Radio in 1941.
Subsequently eighteen months proved to be his most dynamic months as he published four collections of radio plays which are Aao (come), Manto ke Drame (Manto’s Dramas), Janaze (Funerals) and Teen Auraten (Three women). He continuously wrote short stories. His subsequently short story set Dhuan (Smoke) was almost immediately out followed by Manto Ke Afsane and his first collected works of topical essays, Manto ke Mazamin.
This period point of high development with the publication of his mixed collection afsane aur dramey was in 1943. For the time being, due to an argument with the director of all India Radio, Poet N. M. Rashid, saadat hasan manto left his job and then came back to Bombay (Mumbai) in July 1942 and again started working with film industry. A long time ago he started his profession in television script giving films like Aatth Din, Shikari and Mirza Ghalib and was finally out in 1954.
There were also a number of his short stories from his idiom including Kaali Shalwar (1941), Dhuan (1941), and Bu (1945), which was available in Qaumi Jang (Bombay) in February 1945. He stayed in Bombay but after the separation of India in 1947 he moved to Pakistan in January 1948.
In his last years, manto had become more and more alcoholic, which sooner or later led him to cirrhosis of the liver. He died in his mental asylum off hall road in Lahore, on 18 January 1955.